Educator to child ratios

One of the ways the NQF improves quality in children’s education and care services is through educator to child ratios.

Improving educator to child ratios allows staff to give more individual care and attention and contributes to better social and learning outcomes for children. It enables educators to develop more effective and meaningful relationships, resulting in more engaged, happy and relaxed children.

Since the implementation of the NQF in 2012 ratios have been introduced transitionally, the below table summarises ratio requirements across all age ranges and jurisdictions.

 

Centre-based services
Educator to child ratios – birth to 24 months

 

Before 2016

From 1 Jan 2016

All states and territories

1:4*

1:4*

Educator to child ratios – children older than 24 months and younger than 36 months

 

Before 2016   

From 1 Jan 2016

ACT

1:5

1:5

NSW

1:8

1:5

NT

1:5

1:5

QLD

1:6 for children aged 24-36 months

1:8 for children aged 30-36 months

1:5

SA

1:8 for the first 8 children 

1:10 for any additional children

1:5

TAS

1:5#

1:5#

VIC

1:4

1:4

WA

1:5

1:5

Educator to child ratios – children  older than 36 months and up to and including preschool age

 

Before 2016

From 1 Jan 2016

ACT

1:11 for centre-based services other than a preschool

2:25 for a preschool

1:11

NSW

1:10

1:10

NT

1:11 

No NQF ratio for preschools

1:11

QLD

1:12 for children aged 3-6 years

1:13 for children aged 4-6 years

1:12  for children aged 4-13 years

1:11

SA

1:10 for centre-based services other than a preschool

1:13 for preschools

1:10 for centre-based services other than a preschool

1:10 for disadvantaged preschools

1:11 for preschools other than a disadvantaged preschool

TAS

1:10

2:25 for children attending a preschool program^

1:10

2:25 for children attending a preschool program^

VIC

1:15

1:11

WA

1:10

1:10

Educator to child ratios – children over preschool age 

 

Before 2016 

From 1 Jan 2016

All states and territories

There is no national ratio however state and territory ratios may apply

*Some declared approved services in Queensland have received an approval to operate at 1:5

# Some declared approved services in Tasmania have received an approval to operate at 1:7 until 2018

^ Relates to regulation 342(2)(a) which accommodates the requirement for Tasmanian kindergartens to provide a place to any child who, on 1 January in any year, is 4 years of age

Family day care services
Educator to child ratios – birth to 13 years

 

Before 2016   

From 1 Jan 2016

ACT, NSW, NT, SA,
TAS, VIC, WA

1:7 with no more than four children preschool age or under, including educator’s own children younger than 13 years of age at the residence

1:7 with no more than four children preschool age or under, including educator’s own children younger than 13 years of age at the residence

QLD

1:7 with no more than four children under school age, excluding educator’s own school aged children

1:7 with no more than four children preschool age or under, including educator’s own children younger than 13 years of age at the residence